Although largely unknown in his lifetime, Gerard Manley Hopkins was, Jill Muller contends, the 'heart in hiding' of Victorian Catholicism. Investigations of Hopkins's spirituality have too often detached his beliefs from their local habitation in a newly industrialized, historically anti-Catholic and increasingly secular England. This book restores the poet to his full intellectual and literary context by exploring his responses to the writings of his Catholic contemporaries, and by situating the preoccupations, dramas and disappointments of his life in the wider setting of Victorian Catholic culture.
The Victorians were quite fond of wraparound porches, dormers, gables and turrets, stained glass windows, and other architectural embellishments. Even the smallest cottages boasted unusual elements such as gingerbread fretwork and arched windows. This handsome collection of ready-to-colour drawings serves as a delightful introduction to the many distinctive styles of authentic Victorian-era homes.Twenty-nine meticulously rendered illustrations depict steep-roofed Gothic Revival villas with spacious ""piazzas,"" or porches, and stained glass windows; a Queen Anne structure with turrets, bay windows, and hipped roofs; a Richardson Romanesque dwelling, distinguished by rounded arches and stone and brick facing; and an Italianate ""palazzo,"" with tall, narrow windows and porches.Other homes include a seaside cottage in the ""stick style""; an Italianate San Francisco residence of the 1880s; the John Anderton House - with its attractive mansard roof - in Chicopee Falls, Massachusetts; the Russell-Cooper House in Mount Vernon, Ohio, an 1890 Victorian renovation of a house originally built in 1829; the unusual Octagon House in Ottawa, Illinois (1856); a Moorish-styled urban residence in Baltimore (1886), designed by W. C. Frederic (1886); and the elegant ""Vinland,"" a Newport, Rhode Island, residence (1882-1884).A wonderful opportunity for colouring book fans to apply their own ideas of colour and hue to these residences, this book will also delight architecture buffs and lovers of nostalgia and all things Victorian.
The central element of the taxpayer's relationship with the law was the protection it afforded to ensure only the correct amount of tax was paid, that it was legally levied and justly administered. These legal safeguards consisted of the fundamental constitutional provision that all taxes had to be consented to in Parliament, local tax administration, and a power to appeal to specialist tribunals and the courts. The book explains how these legal safeguards were established and how they were affected by changing social, economic and political conditions. They were found to be restrictive and inadequate, and were undermined by the increasing dominance of the executive. Though they were significantly recast, they were not destroyed. They proved flexible and robust, and the challenge they faced in Victorian England revealed that the underlying, pervasive constitutional principle of consent from which they drew their legitimacy provided an enduring protection for the taxpayer.